Sign in →

Test ID BLOD0436 Fatty Acid Profile, Essential, Serum

Useful For

Evaluating the nutritional intake and intestinal absorption of essential fatty acids

 

Identifying deficiency of essential and other nutritionally beneficial fatty acids

 

Monitoring treatment of patients with essential fatty acid deficiencies who are receiving linoleic acid (C18:2w6) and alpha-linolenic acid (C18:3w3)

Specimen Type

Serum


Necessary Information


1. Patient's age is required.      

2. Include information regarding treatment, family history, and tentative diagnosis.



Specimen Required


Patient Preparation:

1. Patient should fast overnight (12-14 hours).

2. Patient must not consume any alcohol for 24 hours before the specimen is drawn.

Collection Container/Tube:

Preferred: Red top

Acceptable: Serum gel

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 0.5 mL

Collection Instructions: Spin down within 45 minutes of draw.


Specimen Minimum Volume

0.15 mL

Reject Due To

Hemolysis

Mild OK; Gross OK

Lipemia

Mild reject; Gross reject

Icterus

Mild OK; Gross OK

Other

NA

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
Serum Frozen (preferred) 92 days
  Refrigerated  72 hours

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Friday; 7a.m.

Analytic Time

4 days (not reported Saturday or Sunday)

Method Name

Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) Stable Isotope Dilution Analysis

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

CPT Code Information

82542

Reporting Name

Fatty Acid Profile, Essential, S

Reference Values

Lauric Acid, C12:0

<1 year: 6-190 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 5-80 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 6-90 nmol/mL

 

Myristic Acid, C14:0

<1 year: 30-320 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 40-290 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 30-450 nmol/mL

 

Hexadecenoic Acid, C16:1w9

<1 year: 21-69 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 24-82 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 25-105 nmol/mL

 

Palmitoleic Acid, C16:1w7

<1 year: 20-1,020 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 100-670 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 110-1,130 nmol/mL

 

Palmitic Acid, C16:0

<1 year: 720-3,120 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 960-3,460 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 1,480-3,730 nmol/mL

 

Gamma-Linolenic Acid, C18:3w6

<1 year: 6-110 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 9-130 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 16-150 nmol/mL

 

Alpha-Linolenic Acid, C18:3w3

<1 year: 10-190 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 20-120 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 50-130 nmol/mL

 

Linoleic Acid, C18:2w6

≤31 days: 350-2,660 nmol/mL

32 days-11 months: 1,000-3,300 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 1,600-3,500 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 2,270-3,850 nmol/mL

 

Oleic Acid, C18:1w9

<1 year: 250-3,500 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 350-3,500 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 650-3,500 nmol/mL

 

Vaccenic Acid, C18:1w7

<1 year: 140-720 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 320-900 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 280-740 nmol/mL

 

Stearic Acid, C18:0

<1 year: 270-1,140 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 280-1,170 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 590-1,170 nmol/mL

 

EPA, C20:5w3

<1 year: 2-60 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 8-90 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 14-100 nmol/mL

 

Arachidonic Acid, C20:4w6

<1 year: 110-1,110 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 350-1,030 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 520-1,490 nmol/mL

 

Mead Acid, C20:3w9

≤31 days: 8-60 nmol/mL

32 days-11 months: 3-24 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 7-30 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 7-30 nmol/mL

 

Homo-Gamma-Linolenic C20:3w6

<1 year: 30-170 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 60-220 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 50-250 nmol/mL

 

Arachidic Acid, C20:0

<1 year: 30-120 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 30-90 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 50-90 nmol/mL

 

DHA, C22:6w3

<1 year: 10-220 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 30-160 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 30-250 nmol/mL

 

DPA, C22:5w6

<1 year: 3-70 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 10-50 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 10-70 nmol/mL

 

DPA, C22:5w3

<1 year: 6-110 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 30-270 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 20-210 nmol/mL

 

DTA, C22:4w6

<1 year: 2-50 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 10-40 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 10-80 nmol/mL

 

Docosenoic Acid, C22:1

<1 year: 2-20 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 4-13 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 4-13 nmol/mL

 

Nervonic Acid, C24:1w9

<1 year: 30-150 nmol/mL

1-17 years: 50-130 nmol/mL

≥18 years: 60-100 nmol/mL

 

Triene/Tetraene Ratio

≤31 days: 0.017-0.083

32 days-17 years: 0.013-0.050

≥18 years: 0.010-0.038

 

Total Saturated Acid

<1 year: 1.2-4.6 mmol/L

1-17 years: 1.4-4.9 mmol/L

≥18 years: 2.5-5.5 mmol/L

 

Total Monounsaturated Acid

<1 year: 0.3-4.6 mmol/L

1-17 years: 0.5-4.4 mmol/L

≥18 years: 1.3-5.8 mmol/L

 

Total Polyunsaturated Acid

<1 year: 1.1-4.9 mmol/L

1-17 years: 1.7-5.3 mmol/L

≥18 years: 3.2-5.8 mmol/L

 

Total w3   

<1 year: 0.0-0.4 mmol/L

1-17 years: 0.1-0.5 mmol/L

≥18 years: 0.2-0.5 mmol/L

 

Total w6

<1 year: 0.9-4.4 mmol/L

1-17 years: 1.6-4.7 mmol/L

≥18 years: 3.0-5.4 mmol/L

 

Total Fatty Acids

<1 year: 3.3-14.0 mmol/L

1-17 years: 4.4-14.3 mmol/L

≥18 years: 7.3-16.8 mmol/L

Secondary ID

82426

Test Classification

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send an Inborn Errors of Metabolism Test Request (T798) with the specimen.

Sanford Laboratories - Fargo Additional Information:

SANFORD INTERFACE BUILD INFORMATION

Result Code Result Code Description
13239 Lauric Acid, C12:0
13240 Myristic Acid, C14:0
13241 Hexadecenoic Acid, C16:1W9
13242 Palmitoleic Acid, C16:1W7
13243 Palmitic Acid, C16:0
13244 G-Linolenic Acid, C18:3W6
13245 A-Linolenic Acid, C18:3W6
13246 Linoleic Acid, C18:2W6
134247 Oleic Acid, C18:1W9
13248 Vaccenic Acid, C18:1W7
13249 Stearic Acid, C18:0
13250 EPA, C20:5W3
13251 Arachidonic Acid, C20:4W6
13252 Mead Acid, C20:3W9
13253 H-G-Linolenic Acid, C20:3W6
13254 Arachidic Acid, C20:0
13255 DHA, C22:6W3
13256 DPA, C22:5W6
13257 DPA, C22:5W3
13258 DTA, C22:4W6
13259 Docosenoic Acid, C22:1
13260 Nervonic Acid, C24:1W9
13261 Triene Tetraene Ratio
13262 Total Saturated Acid
13263 Total Monosaturated Acid
13264 Total Polyunsaturated Acid
13265 Total W3
13266 Total W6
13267 Total Fatty Acids
13268 Interpretation